5 Washington Massacres They Didn’t Teach in History Class
Every Washington and Oregon student learns about the Whitman Massacre, sometimes called the Walla Walla massacre, back in 1847. A group of Cayuse Native Americans killed a party of Oregon Missionaries, one of which was Marcus Whitman. The Cayuse believed he was at fault for 200 dying after receiving medical care at the mission for a disease. But what about these other five incidents? Did your high school teacher mention these:
The White River massacre was in the Cascade Mountains in 1855. As settlers moved their way into the mountains the White River Indians warned the settlers not to come into the area. When the settlers ignored them the White River Indians attacked killing a total of 9 people, starting the Puget Sound War
Due to broken treaties the warriors from the Yakama and Cascade tribes came together in an attempt to keep settlers away from their land. In the process the tribes killed 14 settlers and 3 soldiers. As a result a fleet of soldiers arrived the next day, and the Yakama tribe fled leaving behind the Cascade tribe who without a fight surrendered. Each prisoner was found guilty without a proper trial and were hung.
The Mashel massacre happened towards the end of the Puget Sound War in 1855. Captain Hamilton J. G. Maxon led his men to Nisqually River vicinity where they would shoot any Native American they found. The men came across a large group of Native Americans taking refuge in the dense forest.
The Tacoma Riot of 1885 was an organized act of violence and hatred towards the Chinese residents approved by the mayor and city officials. Tacoma "protesters" announced that all Chinese people would be given a month to leave the city. At the end of that month swarms of white citizens supported by police marched into Chinatown and forced 700 people out of town or onto a train to Portland killing two people in the process.
In 1916 Everett labor activists were organizing a large amount of rallies and street speeches that were shut down by city enforcers clearly on the side of the businesses. When Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) heard about this about 300 of them got together in Seattle and agreed to head down to Everett to help out. When they arrived over 200 vigilantes waited for them at the docks. The men told the IWW to leave, and when they didn't shots were fired. At least 5 people died.